Nobel Prize for medicine 2014 [VIDEO] discovery might help with Alzheimer's, A British-American scientist and a pair of married Norwegian researchers were awarded this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Dr. John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser, and Edvard I. Moser have been have been honored for their discovery of cells that form an "inner GPS" in human brains.
The "place cells" and "grid cells" they discovered make it possible for our brains to work out where we are.
The Nobel Assembly said the discoveries show how the brain creates "a map of the space surrounding us and how we can navigate our way through a complex environment."
Their findings in the knowledge of how cells work together to perform cognitive functions could help scientists understand the mechanisms behind diseases like Alzheimer's.
O'Keefe, a professor at University College of London, made his breakthrough discovery in 1971, when he observed the so-called "place cells" in rat brains. The Mosers expanded on O'Keefe's work in 2005 when they discovered the "grid cells."
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